Before we talk about WCAG 2.2, we need to take a step back and understand what this acronym means. WCAG stands for Web Content Accessibility Guidelines. They were created by W3C, the World Wide Web Consortium.
W3C is an international community, made up of member organizations, a full-time staff, and the web public that is interested in the topic. Together, they develop web standards, and aim to lead the web to its full potential.
Essentially, they serve as a guide for all websites to fulfill minimum digital accessibility standards. The guidelines are very useful, and deserve you proper attention. With them, we are able to get better orientations and know the ideal paths to follow when building an accessible website.
Digital accessibility embraces an enormous amount of people. Because of that, many different measures must be taken into consideration to attend all of them. For example, while blind people require alternative descriptions in videos and images, deaf and hard of hearing people may need content translation to Sign Languages. You still have to think of colorblind people, and ensure good contrast in your website. Also, there are people with reduced mobility that rely on good keyboard navigation to browse the internet. This way WCAG ends up being a very extensive and technical document, but we will help you understand it the best way possible!
Its first version, named WCAG 1.0, was released in 1999. It’s been a long time, right? Just as there are people fighting for inclusion and accessibility in all spaces for a long time 😉
In 2008, the guidelines were reframed, paving the way for WCAG 2.0. Next, in 2018, there was a new update called WCAG 2.1. The newest version had its draft written in 2021, with the name WCAG 2.2, and it’s on this latest one that we will focus!
The newest version’s goal is to continue the work from previous versions, improving accessibility recommendations for three main groups: users with cognitive or learning disabilities, with low vision, and with disabilities on mobile devices. It’s worth highlighting that websites that were following WCAG 2.0 and WCAG 2.1 will still be in accordance with the new guidelines.
Before we speak of the new success criteria suggested by WCAG 2.2, it’s important to explain that they are divided into conformance levels: A, AA and AAA. For Level A there are simpler criteria that represent the most significant accessibility barriers. At Level AA, websites ensure that the big majority of its contents are accessible. At last, the recommendations for Level AAA are a refinement of the previous ones, being more detailed specifications that provide a more sophisticated level of accessibility.
Without further ado, here you can check out which are the new success criteria for WCAG 2.2:
Besides the new criteria, there are numerous other recommendations that you can find on the new Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 2.2. The document is yet to become an official recommendation from the W3C. This will happen when the document is estable and shouldn’t suffer any more changes.
Well, we talked a lot about how to make your website accessible for people with disabilities, according to the latest international norms and recommendations. It may look like too much at once, but no need to freak out! We have plenty of contents in our blog with digital accessibility tips, so don’t stay out of it, and learn how to be in conformance with the new guidelines 😎